By Professor Arthur Donovan, Professor Larry LaudanIn "Scrutinizing technology" nineteen historians of technology, philosophers of technology, and scientists try out a range of significant theories - together with these of Kuhn, Lakatos, Feyerabend, and Larry Lauden - opposed to vital episodes within the improvement of the actual sciences. this paperback version encompasses a new advent through the editors.
By James BurkeWithin the Day the Universe replaced, James Burke examines 8 classes in historical past while our view of the realm shifted dramatically: within the 11th century, while striking discoveries have been made by way of Spanish crusaders; in fourteenth-century Florence, the place point of view in portray emerged; within the 15th century, while the appearance of the printing press shook the rules of an oral society; within the 16th century, whilst gunnery advancements caused the beginning of contemporary technology; within the early eighteenth century, while sizzling English summers prompted the economic Revolution; within the battlefield surgical procedure stations of the French innovative armies, the place humans first turned information; within the 19th century, while the invention of dinosaur fossils ended in the speculation of evolution; and within the 1820s, whilst electric experiments heralded the tip of clinical simple task. in line with the preferred tv documentary sequence, The Day the Universe replaced is a bestselling heritage that demanding situations the reader to choose even if there's absolute wisdom to find - or even if the universe is "ultimately what we are saying it is."
By G VenkataramanThis e-book is ready the outstanding scientist Homi Jehangir Bhabha who, on the age of eighteen, went to Cambridge to check Physics and began his study occupation there. In 1939, whilst Bhabha got here to India on a quick holiday, he was once compelled to stick on because the moment international battle broke out. This was once, in fact, a blessing for the rustic as he later advised the country’s medical future. The publication files Bhabha’s contributions that have been in lots of dimensions and weren't simply basically clinical.
By Richard P. Feynman
By Anne Innis Dagg
In the Fifties, Anne Innis Dagg was once a tender zoologist with a lifelong love of giraffe and a dream to check them in Africa. in accordance with vast journals and letters domestic, Pursuing Giraffe vividly chronicles the belief of that dream and the yr that she spent learning and documenting giraffe behaviour. Dagg used to be one of many first zoologists to review wild animals in Africa (before Jane Goodall and Dian Fossey); her memoir captures her younger enthusiasm for her trip, in addition to her nÃ¤ivetÃ© concerning the complicated social and political matters in Africa.
as soon as within the box, she recorded the complexities of giraffe social relationships but additionally realized approximately human relationships within the context of apartheid in South Africa and colonialism in Tanganyika (Tanzania) and Kenya. Hospitality and friendship have been effectively prolonged to her as a white girl, yet she used to be surprised via the racism of the colonial whites in Africa. Reflecting the twenty-three-year-old author’s reaction to an “exotic” global a long way faraway from the Toronto the place she grew up, the e-book files her visits to Zanzibar and Victoria Falls and her climb of Mount Kilimanjaro. Pursuing Giraffe is an interesting account that has a lot to claim concerning the prestige of girls within the mid-twentieth century. The book’s foreword by means of South African novelist Mark Behr (author of The odor of Apples and Embrace) presents extra context for and insights into Dagg’s narrative.
This biography highlights the achievements of America's first expert degreed girl scientist, Ellen Swallow Richards (1842--1911). The booklet takes the reader from Richards's early life on a Massachusetts farm the place she was once schooled at domestic, to her across the world popular successes in a number of branches of science.
• Schools, schools, and libraries are looking for extra books approximately amazing, winning girls. Richards lead the way for girls to go into quite a few fields of technology formerly believed to be the area of men.
• Currently there's a lot emphasis on foodstuff; Richards pioneered during this box, instructing the yank public approximately fat, carbohydrates, proteins and energy at a time whilst scarcely an individual knew in their importance.
• Ellen Swallow Richards pioneered a number of fields of technology and know-how, beginning doorways for girls to develop into chemists, biologists, geologists, ecologists, nutritionists, dietitians, technology lecturers, professors, and residential economists.
• Richards all started the ecology circulation, rather appropriate in modern global as progressively more awareness is being paid to the healthiness of our planet.
By Max DresdenIt really is now a bit greater than eleven years because the thought of writing a private and clinical biography of H. A. Kramers took carry of me. a couple of days prior I have been lecturing, in a path on box thought, at the renormalization proce dures of relativistic quantum box concept. because the scholars had enormous difficulty realizing the actual foundation of the method, on the finish of the lecture T defined that renormalization isn't an specific quantum or relativistic approach. A cautious therapy of classical electron conception as began via Lorentz and built intimately by way of Kramers additionally calls for re normalization. the scholars seemed rather and that i promised them that i'd clarify all this in additional element within the subsequent lecture. i may have appeared up this fabric in Kramers' booklet, yet I remembered that Kramers had under pressure this concept in a path I had attended in Leiden in 1938-1939. I did dig up a few of these outdated notes and, even if they have been significantly much less obvious than my recollection looked as if it would point out, they jogged my memory strength absolutely of the exciting days I had spent in Leiden with Kramers. Kramers' deep perception and originality have been obvious even if distorted through my opaque notes. the scholars had by no means heard of those principles of Kramers' and have been absolutely blind to his paintings in box thought.
By Hélène Mialet
These days, the assumption of the cyborg is much less the stuff of technological know-how fiction and extra a truth, as we're all, in a single means or one other, continually attached, prolonged, stressed out, and dispersed in and during expertise. One wonders the place the person, the individual, the human, and the physique are—or, however, the place they cease. those are the categories of questions Hélène Mialet explores during this attention-grabbing quantity, as she specializes in a guy who's completely connected to assemblages of machines, units, and collectivities of individuals: Stephen Hawking.
Drawing on an intensive and in-depth sequence of interviews with Hawking, his assistants and co-workers, physicists, engineers, writers, newshounds, archivists, and artists, Mialet reconstructs the human, fabric, and machine-based networks that permit Hawking to stay and paintings. She finds how Hawking—who is frequently portrayed because the so much singular, person, rational, and bodiless of all—is in truth not just integrated, materialized, and disbursed in a fancy nexus of machines and people like each person else, yet even more so. every one bankruptcy makes a speciality of an outline of the functioning and coordination of other parts or media that create his presence, business enterprise, identification, and abilities. conscious of Hawking’s day-by-day actions, together with his lecturing and medical writing, Mialet’s ethnographic research powerfully reassesses the inspiration of clinical genius and its institutions with human singularity. This booklet will fascinate someone drawn to Stephen Hawking or a unprecedented lifestyles in science.