Download E-books The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 1: The Early Years, 1879-1902 PDF

By Albert Einstein

Volume 1 provides vital new fabric at the younger Einstein. Over part the records made to be had right here have been found by means of the editors, together with an important team of over fifty letters that Einstein exchanged with Mileva Maric, his fellow scholar and destiny spouse. those letters, including different formerly unpublished records, offer a wholly new view of Einstein's early life. The files within the quantity additionally foreshadow the emergence of his striking inventive strength. In them is manifested his excessive dedication to medical paintings and his curiosity in yes topics that proved to be important to his considering through the subsequent decade. we will persist with, for instance, the beginnings of his preoccupation with the electrodynamics of relocating our bodies that used to be to steer to the advance of this precise idea of relativity. For the 1st time it may be obvious how heavily he such modern advancements in physics as Planck's paintings on radiation idea and Drude's paintings at the electron idea of metals. as well as all of Einstein's recognized correspondence and different writings from this era, the quantity comprises the suitable parts of all third-party letters and different modern records that supply additional info approximately his secondary education on the Aargau Cantonal college; his 4 years on the Swiss Federal Plytechnical university, or the ETH; and his look for a role after commencement. integrated within the quantity are these sections of an unpublished biography through Einstein's sister, Maja Winteler-Einstein, which care for his early years; his huge notes on a physics path he took on the ETH; and formerly unpublished pictures of the younger Einstein and his lecturers and friends.

Documents in quantity 1 painting Einstein's studies through the demanding years after his commencement from the ETH in Zurich. Denied a place as an Assistant on the ETH, he lived a hand-to-mouth lifestyles whereas he searched for a put up at different universities; then he tried to discover a secondary-school submit, and at last sought a nonacademic task. rigidity along with his mom and dad over his plans to marry Mileva Maric is obvious all through this era. With the aid of a chum, he eventually stumbled on paintings on the Swiss Patent workplace, the haven the place he might spend the subsequent seven years. free of his monetary concerns, he entered on the most efficient classes of his existence, because the subsequent quantity, Writings (1901-1910), will document.

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Download E-books Exploring Greenland: Cold War Science and Technology on Ice (Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology) PDF

Using newly declassified records, this ebook explores why U.S. army leaders after international warfare II sought to watch the a long way north and comprehend the actual surroundings of Greenland, a vital territory of Denmark. It finds a desirable but little-known realm of chilly struggle intrigue and a fragile diplomatic duet among a smaller kingdom and a superpower amid a time of extreme worldwide pressures. Written by means of students in Denmark and the us, this ebook explores many compelling issues. What ended in the construction of the U.S. Thule Air Base in Greenland, one of many world’s biggest, and why did the U.S. construct a nuclear-powered urban below Greenland’s ice cap? How did Danish obstacle approximately sovereignty form clinical examine courses in Greenland? additionally explored the following: why did Denmark’s most famed scientist, Inge Lehmann, grew to become desirous about learn in Greenland, and what overseas reverberations resulted from the crash of a U.S. B-52 bomber wearing 4 nuclear guns close to Thule in January 1968?

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Download E-books The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions PDF

By Hanne Andersen, Xiang Chen

Thomas Kuhn's constitution of clinical Revolutions turned the main commonly learn ebook approximately technology within the 20th century. His phrases 'paradigm' and 'scientific revolution' entered daily speech, yet they continue to be arguable. within the moment 1/2 the 20 th century, the recent box of cognitive technological know-how mixed empirical psychology, laptop technology, and neuroscience. during this ebook, the theories of suggestions constructed by means of cognitive scientists are used to guage and expand Kuhn's so much influential rules. in keeping with case reports of the Copernican revolution, the invention of nuclear fission, and an elaboration of Kuhn's recognized 'ducks and ducks' instance of thought studying, this quantity, first released in 2006, deals bills of the character of standard and progressive technological know-how, the functionality of anomalies, and the character of incommensurability.
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Download E-books Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins PDF

Over the process human heritage, the sciences, and biology specifically, have usually been manipulated to reason gigantic human pain. for instance, biology has been used to justify eugenic courses, compelled sterilization, human experimentation, and demise camps—all in an try and aid notions of racial superiority. through investigating the earlier, the individuals to Biology and beliefs from Descartes to Dawkins wish to raised organize us to parent ideological abuse of technological know-how whilst it happens within the future.  

Denis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers assemble fourteen specialists to check the various methods technology has been used and abused for nonscientific reasons from the 15th century to the current day. that includes an essay on eugenics from Edward J. Larson and an exam of the growth of evolution through Michael J. Ruse, Biology and Ideology examines makes use of either benign and sinister, eventually reminding us that ideological extrapolation keeps this day. An obtainable survey, this assortment will enlighten historians of technology, their scholars, training scientists, and someone drawn to the connection among technology and culture.

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Download E-books A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1 PDF

A historical past of chinese language technological know-how and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & three) offers forty four person lectures, starting with historic chinese language technological know-how and know-how within the strategy of Human Civilizations and an outline of chinese language technology and know-how, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of numerous concerns within the historical past of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with subject matters on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and drugs, The 4 nice innovations, and numerous technological components heavily regarding garments, meals, take care of and transportation.
This publication is the main authoritative paintings at the background of chinese language technological know-how and know-how. it's the Winner of the China booklet Award, the Shanghai e-book Award (1st prize), and the Classical China foreign Publishing undertaking (GAPP, basic management of Press and booklet of China) and gives a vital source for tutorial researchers and non-experts alike.

It originated with a chain of forty four lectures awarded to most sensible chinese language leaders, which acquired very confident suggestions. Written by means of most sensible chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the heritage of ordinary Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and lots of different revered chinese language firms, the publication is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the heritage of technology, philosophy of technology and expertise, and comparable disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vp of the nationwide Congress of China.

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Download E-books The Wisdom of Science: Its Relevance to Culture and Religion PDF

We are living in a tradition which, whereas mostly depending on technological know-how for its fabric welfare, is essentially blind to the hot rules and views on which technology relies. This publication examines the genuine value of technological know-how and expertise for society over the past 300 years. Professor Hanbury Brown's perception and adventure have ended in a singular method of the dialogue of the cultural position of technology. After reviewing the background of ways technology grew to become either precious to, and feared by way of society, the e-book lines an identical interval within the context of latest principles and ideas in clinical examine. Later chapters care for society's present view of technological know-how and the necessity for attitudes to be replaced, after which a dialogue of the non secular dimensions of technology. This booklet goals to transparent away a number of the well known misconceptions approximately technological know-how and to install their position a much broader and deeper realizing of the character of technological know-how and its worth to society.
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Download E-books Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues (Second Edition) PDF

A versatile and entire creation to the most currents in philosophy of science.

either an anthology and an introductory textbook, Philosophy of technology: The principal Issues bargains teachers and scholars a finished anthology of fifty-two fundamental texts via prime philosophers within the box and offers wide editorial observation that areas the readings in a large philosophical context.
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Download E-books A History of Biophysics in Contemporary China (SpringerBriefs in History of Science and Technology) PDF

This publication provides a concise background of biophysics in modern China, from approximately 1949 to 1976. It outlines how a technological know-how area of expertise developed from an ambiguous and amorphous box right into a fully-fledged educational self-discipline within the socio-institutional contexts of latest China. The publication relates how, whereas firstly inclusive of mobilephone biologists, the chinese language biophysics group redirected their disciplinary priorities towards rocket technological know-how within the overdue Nineteen Fifties to house the nationwide pursuits of the time. Biophysicists who had labored on organic sounding rockets have been interested in the army quarter and persevered to give a contribution to human spaceflight in post-Mao China. along with the rocket-and-space missions which supplied the fabric context for biophysics to extend within the overdue Fifties and early Nineteen Sixties, chinese language biophysicists additionally created study and academic courses surrounding biophysics by means of exploiting the institutional possibilities afforded by way of the coverage emphasis on science's position to force modernization. The ebook explores and demonstrates the collective achievements and struggles of chinese language biophysicists in development their clinical self-discipline.
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